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Geography of Kamchatka
Total area square kilometers 472,300sq.km.
Extentfrom north to south in kilometres 1600km
Extentfromwestto east in kilometres 450km
Time zone +9MSK+12GMT
DistancefromMoscowtoPetropavlovsk-Kamchatsky in kilometres 8200km
Districts in the Kamchatka Peninsula:
Kamchatka Region 7
Nationalitiesandethnicgroups About 170
Kamchatka (Kamchatka Region and Koryak Autonomous Area) occupies the area of 472,300 sq. km. (2,8 % of Russia's territory), and includes Kamchatka Peninsula, the Commander, and Karaginsky Islands.
The southern point lays at latitude of 51° north, the northern point lays at latitude 65 ° north. The extentfrom north to south is about 1600 km; and from west to east in the narrowest part it is about 80 km, in the broadest part—450 km.
The Kamchatka Peninsula is one of the most unique mountainous areas of Russia. It is a part of circum — Pacific volcanic belt. It is washed by the waters of the Sea of Okhotsk, the Bering Sea, and the Pacific Ocean. The Sredinny Range (Middle Range, 900 km) divides Kamchatka lengthwise into western and eastern parts. The western coast is swampy lowland, which has regular outline indented by hundreds of rivers, streaming down from the slopes of the Sredinny Range to the Sea of Okhotsk.
The eastern coast is the valley of the Kamchatka River, flowing north along the Eastern Ridge, which is parallel to the Sredinny Range. A deep-water trough stretches along the eastern coastline. The coast is steep, cliffy, indented by harbours and points. Kamchatka is a zone of modern volcanism; it has 30 active volcanoes, about 300 extinct and destroyed volcanoes, and more than 2500 cones, a great number of cold mineral and thermal hot springs and geysers.
One of the most attractive places is the Eastern Volcanic Plateau with its highest in Eurasia volcanoes.
The highest point is the peak of Klyuchevskoy Volcano - 4750 m above sea level.
The climate in general is damp and cool. The climate of low-lying coastline (especially of western coast) is normally colder and has more wind than the climate of the Kamchatka River valley in the central part, which is separated by mountain rangesfrom the prevailing winds.